North Central North Dakota -Land Area: 6 x 12 miles
|19 miles||International Peace Garden / Canadian Border|
|49 miles||Rugby – Geographical Center of North America|
|86 miles||Devils Lake|
|210 miles||Bismarck, ND State Capital|
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|Source: 2010 US Census|
|Official Tribal Membership is currently 32,365
(2016 BIA Labor Force Report)
The Turtle Mountain Band of Chippewa Indian Reservation is located on a six mile by twelve-mile land base and is considered one of the most densely populated Reservations, per square mile, in the United States. If the Turtle Mountain Reservation was listed as a city, it would be the 5th largest city in North Dakota. The Reservation is near the geographical center on North America in north central North Dakota, ten miles south of the Canadian Border.
The hub city in Rolette County is Belcourt, ND and is the only city located on the Reservation. Belcourt has an average per cap income of $15,048 and is considered as 33.9% below the poverty level.
The surrounding communities where tribal members also live include:
- Rolla (Population: 1,707) 6-miles from Belcourt, has an average per cap income of $23,469 and is considered as 29.1% below the poverty level.
- St. John (Population: 1,231) 14-miles from Belcourt, has an average per cap income of $23,575 and is considered to be 19.4% below the poverty level.
- Dunseith (Population: 3,313) 16-miles from Belcourt, has an average per cap income of $14,255 and is considered to be 39.7% below the poverty level.
- Rolette (Population: 1,080) 16-miles from Belcourt, has an averageper cap income of $24,437 and is considered to be 20.4% below the poverty level.
Unemployment on the Reservation is estimated to be at 59.45 % according to the 2016 Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) Labor Force Statistics. According to the 2010 Census, over 40% of Tribal families were living below the poverty level, and 882 households were headed by single mothers struggling to raise 1,392 children under the age of 18.
(Source: Census Bureau Dataset: ACS 5-year Estimate)